Extracts from the Statistical Account of 1841:

"Shepherds in general receive little money from their masters. They enjoy the profits of what is called a pack, that is forty or fifty ewes with their lambs. This is an encouragement to look after the interest of the flock in general. Should, however, the shepherd leave his master, he does not carry his little flock with him; it is taken off his hands at a valuation, and is transferred to his successor at the same rate, and forms part of the stock of the farm: besides he receives forty or fifty stones of oatmeal, perhaps a few potatoes, and has a cow kept through the year at the expense of the master.

The two nearest market towns are Biggar to the north and Moffat to the south, each about fifteen miles distant.

The mail coach passes through Crawford daily to and from Glasgow on the Carlisle route and a heavy coach runs daily between Edinburgh and Dumfries. There are two inns in Crawford.

Such is the value that the people in general set on education that all the farmers who have young families employ a teacher, especially during the winter, and many of the shepherds who are at a distance from a school follow the same plan.

There are three schools in the parish. The salary at Leadhills School is 30 and a house. The parochial schoolmaster enjoys a salary of about 34, with legal accommodation. The school fees may amount to about 15 or more.

There are three springs in the parish, one at Campshead."

Walter Boa's in-laws, the Little family, lived at Campshead. Their farmhouse now lies in ruins, but the view is superb.